Nipah virus or the Hanipa virus is becoming a problem to South of India with a tedious rate. The fatal cases are increasing in number and still, 90% of the population of the world has no idea what Nipah virus is.
WheeBuzz brings you 7 things that you absolutely need to know about the slowly developing epidemic.
was first identified in fruit bats in Africa. These days Nipah virus is becoming a big and growing problem in coastal parts of South India. The death tolls are increasing day by day while the virus is finding its way into the country. While the cases are still limited to South India, a high alert has been announced till New Delhi which is the capital of the country.
Here are 7 important things you should know about the virus so that your knowledge can help you combat it.
1. Virus effects all animals including Humans
Nipah Virus can infect all kinds of animals including Humans. The fruit bats are the main carrier of the virus but it seems that even pigs can be infected and transmit the deadly virus. It is possible that human to human transmission will also be as much potent.
2. Incubation period of 4-14 days.
The virus can take from 4 to 14 days to exhibit symptoms. If anybody in proximity feels the symptoms, exposure can be anywhere in past 15 days and the source should be tried to identify.
3. Symptoms are very common in nature
The initial symptoms are common cold including flu and nausea disorientation, dizziness and headache. Slowly breathlessness, hypo ventilation can also develop. If still not be taken care of it will lead to mental disorders and encephalitis and lung collapse.
4. No Treatment Yet
There is no much effective treatment yet. The only treatment is symptomatic and based on life support. If infected, there is no set treatment that can be given. Patients with compromised respiratory conditions are put on the ventilator for assisted breathing.
5. Limited Protocols
WHO (World Health Organization) and CDC (Center for Disease Control) have guidelines for quarantine and treatment protocols which are limited.
6. Precautions are very vague
There are very vague measures that can be taken, including the use of full covering dresses in the areas with bat infestations, eat food from reliable sources only and use treated water, If infected and facing symptoms meet a good doctor and voice out your doubt. Try to avoid animal contact if the animal isn’t vaccinated and taken well care of.
7. Potential of becoming an epidemic
Kerala has announced being able to contain the outbreak. But viruses are most unpredictable and therefore the clinics and hospitals should be well stocked with supplies of whatever treatment can be given and the cases and suspected cases should not be ignored. The doctors should be given instructions to study the symptoms well and not leave the possibility of Nipah infection aside.
Try to get as much info and stay cautious. If infected seek medical help.