We all know that government has three organs- Executive, Legislature and Judiciary. All the system of government all around the world are made up of these three. But, we don’t think Judiciary can have a big role in changing a country all together, do we? Today, we have come up with seven of the most notorious court cases in the history of American jurisprudence that have a undeniable role in the the modern American. Without wasting much of the time, here are the cases that changes the United States of America.
7. Obergefell v. Hodges
This is one of the landmark judgements by the United States Supreme court which legalised tha same-sex marriage in the country citing the reason that marrying the person of your choice is a fundamental right, protected under the Constitution of America. This case triggered the furthermore followings in such cases in other countries as well.
6. Marbury v. Madison
Marbury v. Madison is a landmark case in the United States Supreme Court in which the court ruled that United States courts have the power to strike down laws made by American Parliament (Congress) that are in contravention of the Constitution. This established the principle of Judicial review.
5. United States v. Nixon
A yet another landmark judgements that defined how far can a US President go with the executive priviledge. The watergate special prosecutor named Archibald Cox subpoened the then President Nixon to handover evidence such as tape recordings and other. Nixon refused citing the Executive previledge. But, the Supreme court unanimously ordered Nixon to deliver the tape recordings as well as documents. Later, Nixon resigned after 16 days of the judgement.
4. Dred Scott v. Sandford
It must be one of the darkest days of US Supreme court when case was decided. Dred Scott was a slave who was taken into ‘free’ territory by his owners. Later when his owner died, he went to his court for his freedom from slavery stating that since he has been lived in a territory where slavery is outlawed, he is no longer a slave. However, Missouri State court as well as US Federal court both ruled against Dred Scott. Later, Supreme court also ruled against him stating that US Constitution does not include black people as citizens, thus can not have rights and privileges enshrined under the US Constitution. Truly, one of the darkest hours of American judiciary.
3. Brown v. Board of education
The 1896 case of Plassey v. Ferguson had validated the racial segregation laws, establishing the doctrine “separate but equal”. But, several parents went to court in 1954 stating that separate is not equal because of treatment and facilities provided to the black kids. Supreme court unanimously ruled the doctrine of Seperate but equal unconstitutional.
This was a major win in the civil rights movement.
2. Miranda v. Arizona
One of the landmark as well as most talked about cases in the History of American Supreme court is the 1966 case of Miranda v. Arizona. Let’s know the story. In 1963, Esnesto Miranda was arrested by police and confessed under the police custody. However, he was not told about his right to remain silent. Arizona Supreme court ruled against Miranda, but when the case reached to the US Supreme court, it said that Miranda’s confession was not admissable as he was not informed of his right to remain silent and have an attorney. This case is considered as one of the most popular cases.
1. Roe v. Wade
Earlier to this case, Government had stringent laws on abortion, but the Supreme court in this landmark judgement ruled that a woman has freedom to choose to have an abortion with Government intervention. This case gave Women the right to reproductive choices and legalised abortion.